In one of the examples in the lesson, the sentence "Il faut toujours aider plus petit que soi" translates as "One must always help those smaller than oneself". Where do you get the word "those" from? Shouldn't there be another word between "aider" and "plus"? Like "les personnes" or something?
In this sentence "plus petit" is used as a noun and would literally translate as "the smaller (one)". The English translation which carries the same meaning as the French sentence doesn't follow the grammatical structure of the French sentence exactly.
More literally: One must always help the smaller (one) than oneself.
So no article is needed here as in "le plus petit", la plus petite, or les plus petites?
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