Using le gerondif seems simpler that using a more complex construction using qui. For instance:
People don't eat the produce coming from farmers using pesticides. (Les gens ne mangent pas les produits des agriculteurs utilisant des pesticides)
People don't eat the produce coming from farmers that use pesticides. (Les gens ne mangent pas les produits des agriculteurs qui utilisent des pesticides)
Is there a preference?
Sure, there are definitely cases where you can use le gerondif instead of a relative clause. Be aware, though, that this may introduce some ambiguity and isn't always appropriate. By the way, English works similar to French in this respect.
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