does present participle mean "because and after?

HasanA1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

does present participle mean "because and after?

The meanings of present  participle

when I use "present participle" İn the begining of the sentences, does it mean "Because and after?
1-En me réveillant à 6h, j’ai fini avant midi.=Because I woke up at 6 am,  I finished before noon.
2-En me réveillant à 6h,Je suis allé à l'école= After I got up at 6 am,I went to School?
Please help  :)


Asked 8 months ago
CélineKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Bonjour Hasan,

‘En + -ant’ is called the gerund, which uses the present participle ‘-ant’. Keep in mind that this is a notion introduced at B1 level. So it will be a bit tricky for now.

- Gerund: simultaneity of 2 actions – while / as -ing

J’ai fait le ménage en écoutant la musique = I did the housework while listening to music

Je suis tombé du lit en me réveillant ce matin I fell of the bed whilst I woke up this morning

- Gerund – cause / effect (because of ..., the following happened)

En disant ce mensonge, elle t’a trahie by telling you this lie, she betrayed you

→ cause = telling a lie - effect = betrayal

En te disant la vérité, je me suis senti mieux = by telling you the truth, I felt better.

→ cause = telling the truth - effect = feeling better

Here is a link on Gerund and Present Participle

 

I hope this is helpful.

Bonne journée !

does present participle mean "because and after?

The meanings of present  participle

when I use "present participle" İn the begining of the sentences, does it mean "Because and after?
1-En me réveillant à 6h, j’ai fini avant midi.=Because I woke up at 6 am,  I finished before noon.
2-En me réveillant à 6h,Je suis allé à l'école= After I got up at 6 am,I went to School?
Please help  :)


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