Hello Aurélie, I noticed the "L'eau est froide" in one of the quizzes.

Judy

Kwiziq community member

24 August 2017

2 replies

Hello Aurélie, I noticed the "L'eau est froide" in one of the quizzes.

Is there a tip for knowing when to use être (and the feminine form of the adjective)?

This question relates to:
French lesson "Avoir chaud / froid = To be hot / cold"

Ron

Kwiziq community member

24 August 2017

24/08/17

Bonjour Judy, While you addressed your question to Aurélie, know that I am not attempting to answer for her as that would be uncool. In your example, it says the water (a feminine noun, hence the use of the feminine form of the adjective) is cold. In this case the use of être instead of avoir is correct. Here is the part of the lesson that addresses the use of avoir: The verb avoir (to have) is used to express being cold and hot (and not être / to be as in English), effectively "I have hot"! Note that even if the person is female, the masculine adjective chaud is used, not chaude : you cannot say J'ai chaude. It can be seen from the lesson that when one speaks of their perception of hot and cold then the use of avoir is needed, i.e. J'ai chaud, J'ai froid. So, the takeaway is this, when speaking of a person, the verb avoir is used; however, when speaking about water, coffee, and other items that are hot or cold, excluding the weather, être is used. Weather expressions have their own verb, faire, i.e. il fait chaud, il fait froid, etc. J'espère que cela vous aiderait et merci de me permettre à répondre à votre question. Bonne chance,

Judy

Kwiziq community member

5 September 2017

5/09/17

Thanks Ron. That was a good explanation and I hope I'll get it right every time now!

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