Dictation exercise A1
«ce sont» is the plural form of «c'est». «ce» used in this manner is an indefinite, invariable pronoun that is used mostly, but not exclusively, with «être» (instead of cela/ça).
Of course «ce» can also be an adjective - «ces» is then the plural form, and is followed by a noun, not a verb.
C'est, ce sont = this is, these are (demonstrative pronouns)
That are relaxing holidays. -- Ce sont des vacances relaxantes.These holidays are relaxing. -- Ces vacances sont relaxantes.
Notice how, in the first sentence, ce does not refer to vacances but is a standalone subject of the sentence. In the second example, ces is a demonstrative pronoun belonging to vacances and needs to be matched to it.
That explanation was so enlightening. It is wonderful when things make sense.
Sign in to submit your answer
Don't have an account yet? Join today
Test your French to the CEFR standard