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Kwiziq community member
23 February 2018
Why is there no « de » after pas in this exam with languages?
Is there not a rule « ne pas de »?
How comes you don’t use « de » in this example: Ils ne parlent pas espagnol/ l’espagnol. ?
This question relates to:French lesson "Using le, la, les with titles, languages and academic subjects (definite articles)"
the "de" after "pas" is used when you are expressing, e.g., that you don't have something of something. For example:
Il n'y a plus de sucre. -- There is no more (of) sugar.Elle ne boit pas d'alcool. -- She drinks not of the alcohol. (literally)
But in the example you quote, "Ils ne parlent pas l'espagnol." There is no larger thing of which the language Spanish would be part of. It is an indivisible entity. Hence no "de".
-- Chris (not a native speaker).
Kwiziq language super star
Bonjour Jocelyn !
To complete Chris's answer, only partitive articles (du, de la, de l', des) and indefinite articles (un, une, des) become de or d' in a negative sentence.
It doesn't apply to definite articles (le, la, l', les) or zero articles, hence:
Have a look at our related lessons:
Bonne journée !
13 March 2018
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