Standalone adjectives after c'est are always masculine

Look at these 2 contrasting examples:

La jupe coûte 30€. - Cette jupe est chère.
The skirt costs €30. - This skirt is expensive.

La jupe coûte 30€. - C'est cher !
The skirt costs €30. - That's expensive!

- In the first case, the adjective (describing word) chère relates to a specific noun (la jupe) present in the sentence, therefore the regular rule of agreement applies.

- In the second case, we're still talking about the skirt, but commenting on its price in a general context, using c'est (that is), hence the use of the masculine form of the adjective (cher).

When a standalone adjective is used after c'est, it will always be in the masculine form.

Here are more examples:

C'est ennuyeux.
It is boring.

C'est génial !
It's great!

C'est joli.
It is pretty.

C'est gratuit.
It is free.


Also see C'est = It is 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

C'est gratuit.
It is free.


La jupe coûte 30€. - Cette jupe est chère.
The skirt costs €30. - This skirt is expensive.


C'est ennuyeux.
It is boring.


C'est excitant.
It is exciting.


C'est joli.
It is pretty.



C'est génial !
It's great!


La jupe coûte 30€. - C'est cher !
The skirt costs €30. - That's expensive!


Q&A

Gloria

Kwiziq community member

26 August 2017

1 reply

Why de grands hommes and not des grands hommes..?

Ron

Kwiziq community member

26 August 2017

26/08/17

Bonjour Gloria,
Here is the lesson that addresses this exact scenario:
https://progress.lawlessfrench.com/revision/grammar/use-de-d-instead-of-des-in-front-of-adjectives-preceding-nouns-partitive-article

In short, des is the contracted version of de + les .
Bonne chance.

Matt

Kwiziq community member

19 August 2017

3 replies

Uses of C'est

Hello, I am a bit confused about the standalone adject + c'est constructions. I thought that to use c'est it needed to proceed a noun within the sentence. Is what I'm seeing here a special case? Or do I have it completely mixed up (which wouldn't come as a great shock to me lol)?

Matt

Kwiziq community member

19 August 2017

19/08/17

Disregard my question. I just discovered the answer. :)

Lisa

Kwiziq community member

19 August 2017

19/08/17

Here's the lesson you might be looking fir! https://progress.lawlessfrench.com/my-languages/french/view/733?rts=%252Fsearch%253Fs%253DC%252527est

Matt

Kwiziq community member

20 August 2017

20/08/17

Merci beaucoup!

Daniel

Kwiziq community member

27 May 2017

1 reply

...not for the day of Luuuurve

what's a luuuurve? Did you mean love?

Ron

Kwiziq community member

31 May 2017

31/05/17

pas pour le jour de l'Amoooouuuur! That seems like a possible error or une blague. Read, le jour de l'Amour.
How has your day been?