Chaque, tous les + [duration] = Each, every (indefinite adjectives)

Look at the two ways in French to express every/each + [duration]:

Je vais à la gym tous les jours.
I go to the gym every day.

Je vais à la gym chaque jour.
I go to the gym each day.

Chaque samedi, je fais de la natation.
Each Saturday, I go swimming.

Tous les dimanches, on va à la pêche.
Every Sunday, we go fishing.

Note that in French, you tend to use the following structures interchangeably, to express every/each + [duration]:

chaque + [singular noun] (each): this is the closest to English in terms of construction, it considers each individual thing included in the total.

tous les / toutes les + [plural noun] (every): meaning literally all the, this expression considers the total as a whole group.

Note that tous les (masculine and mixed) and toutes les (feminine) agree with the thing they refer to. 

Toutes les fins de semaine, nous allons nager.
Every weekend, we go swimming.

Chaque fin de semaine, nous allons nager.
Each weekend, we go swimming.


See also Tout, tous, toute, toutes = Everything, all (of them), the whole 

 

ATTENTION:

chaque année (each year) becomes tous les ans (every year)

Alain va en France tous les ans.
Alain goes to France every year.

Ils vont en Angleterre chaque année.
They go to England each year.

 

To express every/each time, you will use à chaque fois :

Il se trompe à chaque fois.
He gets it wrong every time.

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Chaque fin de semaine, nous allons nager.
Each weekend, we go swimming.


Tous les dimanches, on va à la pêche.
Every Sunday, we go fishing.


Ils vont en Angleterre chaque année.
They go to England each year.


Chaque samedi, je fais de la natation.
Each Saturday, I go swimming.


Je vais à la gym chaque jour.
I go to the gym each day.


Il se trompe à chaque fois.
He gets it wrong every time.


Je vais à la gym tous les jours.
I go to the gym every day.


Toutes les fins de semaine, nous allons nager.
Every weekend, we go swimming.


Alain va en France tous les ans.
Alain goes to France every year.


Q&A

Catherine

Kwiziq community member

22 April 2017

3 replies

Kwik Kwiz Question 1

Hello, why is it that in all the examples in this lesson 'chaque' means 'each' but the options of answers to this question (Chaque mardi, je vais à la bibliothèque) do not have that as an option (I thought the meaning was 'Each Tuesday, I go to the library')? I am confused. regards Catherine

Gruff

Kwiziq language super star

22 April 2017

22/04/17

Hi Catherine - thanks for pointing that out - I've corrected that. Of course, in this context "Each Tuesday..." and "Every Tuesday..." mean the same thing so it doesn't matter but if the context were one in which the nuance between them was important then "each" would be the better choice for "chaque". Cordialement, Gruff

Catherine

Kwiziq community member

24 April 2017

24/04/17

Thanks Gruff

Ann

Kwiziq community member

31 May 2018

31/05/18

In the weekend challenge, the translation of the english large was large in French. I used grand to translate the English large, because large means wide in French. A little help here? The contest was le plus large secteur.

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