Conjugate avoir in Le Subjonctif Présent (subjunctive mood)

The verb AVOIR is irregular in Subjonctif présent:

que j'aie that I have
que tu aies that you have
qu'il/elle/on ait that he/she/one has
que nous ayons that we have
que vous ayez that you have
qu'ils/elles aient that they have

Note that:

- The il/elle/on ending doesn't match the expected Subjonctif présent ending (-e): il ait

- The root ai- j becomesay- in the nous and vous form.

Look at these examples:  

Elle veut que j'aie de bonnes notes.
She wants me to have good marks.

 

Il faut que tu aies du courage.
You must be brave.

 

Je veux qu'elle ait tout ce qu'elle désire.
I want her to have everything she desires.

 

Il faut que nous ayons des repas équilibrés.
We must have balanced meals.

 

Je veux que vous ayez tous votre exam.
I want you all to pass your exam.

 

Il faut qu'ils aient leur permis de conduire avant d'acheter une voiture.
They must get their driving licence before buying a car.

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Elle veut que j'aie de bonnes notes.
She wants me to have good marks.


Je veux que vous ayez tous votre exam.
I want you all to pass your exam.


Il faut que nous ayons des repas équilibrés.
We must have balanced meals.


Je veux qu'elle ait tout ce qu'elle désire.
I want her to have everything she desires.


Il faut qu'ils aient leur permis de conduire avant d'acheter une voiture.
They must get their driving licence before buying a car.


Il faut que tu aies du courage.
You must be brave.



Q&A

Michael

Kwiziq community member

15 October 2018

4 replies

Pronunciation of 'tous'

I thought 'tous' was pronounced 'too' unless it was used as a pronoun meaning 'all (of us/them)'.

But in the example:

Je veux que vous ayez tous votre exam.

'tous' is pronounced 'Toos'.

Is this correct? If so, why?

Chris

Kwiziq community member

15 October 2018

15/10/18

It is used pronomially to refer to "vous".

Michael

Kwiziq community member

15 October 2018

15/10/18

Merci Chris. Je ne l'ai pas su. C'est bon à savoir.

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

16 October 2018

16/10/18

Hi Michael,

Yes , the pronunciation of tous is correct and should sound the 's' .

Take a look at the following lesson for further explanation:

Tout, tous, toute, toutes = Everything, all (of them), the whole

Just another little point -

In your answer to Chris, it should be 'je ne le savais pas' as 'savoir' is a verb of state and you will hardly ever hear/see the passé composé used to say, 'I didn't know'.

It's a mistake I often read on this forum from students so just to put things right!

It is the same for verbs like être, sembler, paraître, croire, espérer...

Hope this helps!

 

 

Michael

Kwiziq community member

16 October 2018

16/10/18

Merci Cécile, je ne le savais pas.

Michael

Kwiziq community member

15 October 2018

1 reply

Avoir - get vs. have un permit de conduire

In the example:

Il faut qu'ils aient leur permis de conduire.
They must get their driving licence.

Avoir us used here similarly to "avoir un exam". Here it means they must 'obtain' their driver's license.

But how would you say: "They must have their driver's license (with them)"?

Context might be one way, but if 'they' was ambiguous, the imperative sentence would be ambiguous.

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

15 October 2018

15/10/18

Bonjour Michael !

To answer your question, you'd say :

They must have their driver's license (with them).
Il faut qu'ils aient leur permis de conduire sur eux.

As you said, context would definitely help in this case, or you could also use the verb "obtenir" as such :

Il faut qu'ils obtiennent leur permis de conduire.

Following your feedback, I've added some extra context to that example :)
Il faut qu'ils aient leur permis de conduire avant d'acheter une voiture.

I hope that's helpful!
Bonne journée ! 

Johannes

Kwiziq community member

27 April 2017

2 replies

Pronunciation

I am unsire about the pronunciation of several forms of "avoir". Sometimes [a] dominates and sometimes [e], for example "que j'aie" is [kəʒe] but "avoir" is [avwaʁ]. How is "que nous ayons" pronounced?

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

28 April 2017

28/04/17

Bonjour Johannes ! In "aie", you have the phoneme "ai" which is pronounced [e] in French :) The word "ayons" is a bit trickier indeed: In French, when a "y" is used between two vowels, it's going to be *counted twice*: - first as a vowel, similar to an "i", after the "a", creating the sound "ai" [e] - then as a consonant before "ons", producing the sound [j] (ye) So "ayons" is pronounced [ejɔ̃] :) I hope that's helpful! À bientôt !

Johannes

Kwiziq community member

29 April 2017

29/04/17

Dear Aurélie Very much appreciated. Thanks a lot! Johannes

Lisa

Kwiziq community member

21 April 2017

1 reply

avoir un exam?

Is "avoir un exam" an idiom for passing an exam? Just wondering about the translation for one of the example sentences. I was thinking to pass the exam might be more like "Je veux que vous reussissiez tous votre examen?" and that the sentence above using avoir is referring to all taking or having exams? Merci pour l'aide !

Gruff

Kwiziq language super star

21 April 2017

21/04/17

Salut Lisa,

Yes, "avoir un examen" is more likely to be understood as meaning "to pass an exam" than "to take an exam". There's more about that in these lessons:
https://progress.lawlessfrench.com/revision/grammar/how-to-say-to-pass-an-exam-with-avoir-un-exam

https://progress.lawlessfrench.com/revision/grammar/to-pass-an-exam-versus-passer-un-examen

In the case of exams, I find it more intuitive to think of "avoir" meaning "to get" rather than "to have", and the exam as a credential or certificate.

Hope that helps!
Thinking...