Conjugate venir, tenir and derivatives in Le Présent (present tense)

The verbs venir (to come), tenir (to hold/keep) and derivatives* are irregular in Le Présent, meaning that they don't follow the same pattern as regular -ir verbs.

Here are venir and tenir in Présent indicatif:

Présent indicatif
je viens
tu viens
il vient
elle vient
on vient
nous venons
vous venez
ils viennent
elles viennent

Présent indicatif
je tiens
tu tiens
il tient
elle tient
on tient
nous tenons
vous tenez
ils tiennent
elles tiennent


*These other verbs ending in -enir follow the same conjugation pattern: 

revenir (to come back)
devenir (to become)
parvenir (to manage / to achieve)
convenir (to agree / to suit)

retenir (to retain / to hold back)
appartenir (to belong)
obtenir (to obtain)
contenir (to contain)
soutenir (to support)
etc


Have a listen to these examples:

Je reviens dans une minute !
I'm coming back in a minute!

Tu tiens toujours tes promesses.
You always keep your promises.

Mon prof de français vient de Chartres.
My French teacher comes from Chartres.

Nous soutenons sa candidature.
We support his application.

Vous appartenez à ce club.
You belong to this club.

Ils deviennent de plus en plus grands.
They're becoming taller and taller.

 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Ils tiennent la main de leur maman.
They hold their mum's hand.


Tu tiens toujours tes promesses.
You always keep your promises.


Mon prof de français vient de Chartres.
My French teacher comes from Chartres.


D'où vient-il?
Where does he come from?


Je reviens dans une minute !
I'm coming back in a minute!



Ils deviennent de plus en plus grands.
They're becoming taller and taller.


Tu viens avec moi?
Are you coming with me?


Je viens de voir Isabelle.
I've just seen Isabelle.



Vous appartenez à ce club.
You belong to this club.


Maria et Pablo viennent de Madrid.
Maria and Pablo come from Madrid.


Nous venons d'Argentine.
We come from Argentina.


Nous soutenons sa candidature.
We support his application.


Quand est-ce que vous venez chez nous ? 
When are you coming to our place?


Q&A

Alison

Kwiziq community member

3 August 2018

4 replies

Does Viens mean just as well as Come

Alan

Kwiziq community member

3 August 2018

3/08/18

Possibly you are thinking of the "Le Passé Proche" using venir de + infinitive e.g. 


"Je viens de finir mon livre" - "I've just finished my book"


It's explained here:


https://progress.lawlessfrench.com/my-languages/french/view/433

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

4 August 2018

4/08/18

Hi Alison,


Do you mean:"Viens ici!" ("Come here!")


which is the imperative form of venir?

Lisha

Kwiziq community member

6 September 2018

6/09/18

Brianmac

Kwiziq community member

6 September 2018

6/09/18

'Vient' means 'come'. 'Vient de' means 'have just come'. In the latter case you must follow 'have just come' by the infinitive.

carolyne

Kwiziq community member

27 May 2018

1 reply

Whats indicatif in simple English?

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

27 May 2018

27/05/18

Hi Carolyne,


Mode Indicatif is indicative mood in English grammar and describes a collection of tenses describing facts that are happening, have happened or will happen in the present, past and future.


What  this lesson illustrates is the present tense which we use most often of things you do, (or are doing) using some irregular verbs which conjugate in their particular way and being used in the present tense of the indicative (mood).


In  time you will learn different present tenses of different moods and this is to distinguish them from each other.


The indicative is the realm of certainty and facts.


I have tried to simplify as much as possible.


Hope this helps! 

Thekla

Kwiziq community member

4 March 2018

1 reply

The 3rd person in the plural form of the verb “ parvenir “ is “ils parvent ?”

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

4 March 2018

4/03/18

Hi Thekla, 


it is conjugated like "venir " so it is,


ils  parviennent .

Sara

Kwiziq community member

30 January 2018

2 replies

Hi. Comfused as a newbe .. why is it la situation devient instead of deviens

Chris

Kwiziq community member

30 January 2018

30/01/18

Hi Sara, it is "devient" because in a sentence like "la situation devient..." the subject is in third person singular (he/she/it) and the third person singular of the verb "devenir" is "devient".


Incidentally, to check any verb conjugation, you might find this site helpful: http://conjugator.reverso.net/conjugation-french-verb-devenir.html


For "devenir" in present tense indicative it goes like this:



je deviens,
tu deviens,
il/elle/on devient,
nous devenons
vous devenez,
ils/elles deviennent



I hope that helps a bit.


-- Chris (not a native speaker).

Sara

Kwiziq community member

30 January 2018

30/01/18

Fabulous. Thankyou.

Ashwini

Kwiziq community member

7 September 2017

1 reply

Should et be used instead of en?

In the sentence below, it is indicating taller and taller. Why is en used -- plus en plus? Should it be plus et plus? Ils deviennent de plus en plus grands

Ron

Kwiziq community member

7 September 2017

7/09/17

Bonjour Ashwini,

https://progress.lawlessfrench.com/my-languages/french/view/5012

The link above is the lesson that explains the use of «de. . . en. . .». This is an invariable phrase structure in French which is used for English phrases like: bigger and bigger, better and better, more and more, etc. I hope this is useful. bonne chance

Jim

Kwiziq community member

6 January 2017

1 reply

Isn't this wrong? Shouldn't be "I am coming to see Martine." Or "I come to see Martine?"

Je viens de voir Martine. I've just seen Martine. <- Past tense???

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

9 January 2017

9/01/17

Bonjour Jim !

No, this sentence is correct here.
Indeed, to express what we call the Close Past or "Passé Proche" in French, you use "venir de + infinitive" in Le Présent.
Have a look at our related lesson:
https://progress.lawlessfrench.com/revision/grammar/conjugate-in-le-passe-proche-by-using-venir-de-infinite

I hope that's helpful!
À bientôt !

Marilyn

Kwiziq community member

5 January 2017

1 reply

Quand vient le autobus?

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

6 January 2017

6/01/17

Bonjour Marilyn !

"Quand vient/arrive l'autobus ?" is not incorrect, but nowadays, you would more commonly use "le bus" :)
Here are options of questions:
"Quand est-ce que le bus arrive ?"
"Le bus arrive quand ?"

I hope that's helpful!
Bonne Année !

Gary

Kwiziq community member

16 December 2016

2 replies

Viennent ( ils viennent ) is pronounced the same as viens and vient? Ignore the " ent " ending?

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

16 December 2016

16/12/16

Bonjour Gary !

No, "viennent" is pronounced [V-N] because of the double "n".
Thanks to your question, I've now added audio examples to this lesson, so you can listen to the difference yourself :)

I hope that's helpful!
À bientôt !

Gary

Kwiziq community member

16 December 2016

16/12/16

Merci Aurélie.

Susan

Kwiziq community member

7 October 2016

1 reply

so basically anything ending with "enir" is conjugated like venir ?

Laura

Kwiziq language super star

7 October 2016

7/10/16

In the present tense, yes. In the compound tenses, some verbs ending in -enir use avoir as the auxiliary while others use être.

lyn

Kwiziq community member

2 August 2016

2 replies

What is the perfect tense

Laura

Kwiziq language super star

3 August 2016

3/08/16

Bonjour Lyn,

There isn't one perfect tense - "perfect" describes several tenses: present perfect, past perfect, future perfect, etc.

Grammatically, it means "complete" in contrast to the imperfect which is incomplete.

Kim

Kwiziq community member

22 December 2017

22/12/17

The past perfect is sometimes referred to as the perfect tense, I think in contrast to another past tense known as imparfait, imperfect. The past perfect is also known as le passé composé.
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