You already know that in some cases, we can use Le Présent Indicatif to express immediate/near future actions in the Continuous Present in English (I'm coming soon) - see Using Le Présent for immediate/near future actions.
However, what we call the Near Future in English (or Futur Proche in French) is actually the following construction: to be going to + [infinitive]
= I'm going to eat / They're going to learn.
Conjugation of ALLER + INFINITIVE (to be going to) in Le Futur Proche in French:
Je vais aller au cinéma.I'm going to go to the cinema.
Tu vas lireYou're going to read
Vous allez étudier.You're going to study.
On va faire quoi, demain?What are we going to do tomorrow?
Nous allons manger des pâtes.We're going to eat pasta.
Ils vont tomber.They're going to fall.
Notice that Le Futur Proche, which expresses actions in the near future (= I'm going to [do something]), follows this pattern:
Aller in Le Présent + [infinitive of the verb]
See also Conjugate aller in the present tense in French (Le Présent)
And Conjugate reflexive verbs in the near future (Le Futur Proche) (aller + infinitive)
Position of negation with two verbs (conjugated + infinitive)
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