Forming the feminine of nouns and adjectives ending in -ien, -ion, -on

Look at these nouns and adjectives ending in -ien, -ion, and -on :

Ton fils est mignon, et ta fille est mignonne aussi.
Your son is cute, and your daughter is cute too.

Il y a un château ancien et une église ancienne.
There is an ancient castle and an ancient church.

Voilà un bon gâteau et une bonne boisson.
Here is a good cake and a good drink.

Usain Bolt est un champion.
Serena Williams est une championne.

Usain Bolt is a champion.
Serena Williams is a champion.

Au zoo, il y a un lion et une lionne.
At the zoo, there is a lion and a lioness.

Andrew est australien, et Emma est aussi australienne.
Andrew is Australian, and Emma is also Australian.

 

To form the feminine form of nouns and adjectives ending in -ien, -ion and -on, you double the 'n' and add an 'e' at the end 
-> -ienne, -ionne, -onne.


Cases of nationalities: 

Note that nationalities used as adjectives are NOT capitalised, whereas they are capitalised when used as nouns:

Ma petite amie est canadienne.
My girlfriend is Canadian.

Je connais un Canadien qui vit de l'autre côté de la rue.
I know a Canadian who lives across the street.

 

See also Forming the feminine of adjectives ending in -el, -eil, -il, -ul, -et, -s

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Andrew est australien, et Emma est aussi australienne.
Andrew is Australian, and Emma is also Australian.


Il y a un château ancien et une église ancienne.
There is an ancient castle and an ancient church.


Ton fils est mignon, et ta fille est mignonne aussi.
Your son is cute, and your daughter is cute too.


Je connais un Canadien qui vit de l'autre côté de la rue.
I know a Canadian who lives across the street.


Au zoo, il y a un lion et une lionne.
At the zoo, there is a lion and a lioness.


Ma petite amie est canadienne.
My girlfriend is Canadian.


J'ai un chien et une chienne.
I have a dog and a female dog.


Usain Bolt est un champion.
Serena Williams est une championne.

Usain Bolt is a champion.
Serena Williams is a champion.


Voilà un bon gâteau et une bonne boisson.
Here is a good cake and a good drink.


Q&A Forum 5 questions, 7 answers

Adjective and canadian

If canadian in first example is an adjective, what is it in the second? Coz it seems also adjective to me.  


Thanx. 

Asked 1 month ago
CécileKwiziq language super starCorrect answer

Hi Salam,

If you mean in the following sentences -

1. adjective canadien /canadienne

Ma petite amie est canadienne My girlfriend is Canadian

Mon petit ami est canadien My boyfriend is Canadian

2. noun Canadien /Canadienne

Je connais un Canadien I know a Canadian man

Je connais une Canadienne = I know a Canadian woman

Take a look at the following Kwiziq lesson on nationalities for more explanation-

https://progress.lawlessfrench.com/revision/grammar/how-to-express-your-nationality-changes-whether-youre-a-man-or-a-woman-adjectives

Hope this helps!

Adjective and canadian

If canadian in first example is an adjective, what is it in the second? Coz it seems also adjective to me.  


Thanx. 

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Is it grammatically correct to say "je suis assis.."?

Asked 3 months ago
ChrisC1Correct answer

Yes, that's correct. Je suis assis sur le canapé. -- I am sitting on the sofa.

Is it grammatically correct to say "je suis assis.."?

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Would like to clarify the audio’s pronunciation.

Bonjour Madame !

In the sentence of the lesson -J’ai un chien et une chienne. The audio speaks “shienn” for both words although ‘chien’ is spoken as ‘shian’ with a nasal sound I recall .

Also ‘et’ is not clear to me . Maybe because I am not a native speaker. Please clarify.

Merci d’avance !

Asked 7 months ago
AurélieKwiziq language super starCorrect answer

Bonjour Varsha !

Indeed, the audio was quite confusing here :)

Thanks to you, I've now fixed it!

Merci et bonne journée !

Would like to clarify the audio’s pronunciation.

Bonjour Madame !

In the sentence of the lesson -J’ai un chien et une chienne. The audio speaks “shienn” for both words although ‘chien’ is spoken as ‘shian’ with a nasal sound I recall .

Also ‘et’ is not clear to me . Maybe because I am not a native speaker. Please clarify.

Merci d’avance !

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Bonjour. On the test I took "Il y a un Indien et une Indienne, why are they capitalized. I thought nationalities in french were not capitalized.

Asked 10 months ago
CécileKwiziq language super starCorrect answer

Hi Claudia,

If you look a the note in the lesson for the case of nationalities , if it is an adjective there is no capital letter, e.g.

Elle est indienne, il est français...

But if it is a noun, i.e. the inhabitant of that country there is a capital letter .

Elle c'est une Française, lui, c'est un Espagnol...

Hope this helps!

Merci, Cécile. I guess that part of the lesson didn't sink in. Je suis desolé.

Bonjour. On the test I took "Il y a un Indien et une Indienne, why are they capitalized. I thought nationalities in french were not capitalized.

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Hi, some of the pronunciations sound robotic.

The pronunciation is not clear. Is it possible to have better recordings.
Asked 2 years ago
GruffKwiziq language super star
Hi Anish - thanks for pointing that out. I've regenerated them with new voices so have a listen again and let me know if they're better? Best, Gruff.
StefanieA1
still robotic :)

Hi, some of the pronunciations sound robotic.

The pronunciation is not clear. Is it possible to have better recordings.

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Let me take a look at that...