Using 'ne ... pas' with reflexive verbs in compound tenses (negation)

Look at these sentences:

Je ne me suis pas amusée.
I didn't have fun.

Tu ne t'es pas réveillé à temps.
You didn't wake up on time.

Il ne s'est pas reposé longtemps.
He didn't rest for long.

Elles ne se sont pas rasées cette semaine.
They didn't shave this week.

When using a negative structure like "ne/n'...pas" with reflexive verbs in compound tenses, ne/n' is placed before the reflexive pronoun "me/te/se/nous/vous/se", and pas comes after the conjugated verb être.

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Elles ne se sont pas rasées cette semaine.
They didn't shave this week.


Tu ne t'es pas réveillé à temps.
You didn't wake up on time.


Je ne me suis pas amusée.
I didn't have fun.


Il ne s'est pas reposé longtemps.
He didn't rest for long.


Q&A

Donald

Kwiziq community member

23 October 2017

1 reply

Using reflexives

When using a reflexive verb, e.g., se laver, se lever, se réveiller, etc., I was under the impression that in the second person plural (vous) an "S" was added to the verb in the passé composé. Am I wrong?

Ron

Kwiziq community member

23 October 2017

23/10/17

Bonjour Donald,
This seems to me to be a contextual type issue. If «vous» is being used in the formal sense and speaking to one person, then no «-s» would be included; however, on the other hand if it is used in the plural sense, then yes an «-s» would be added. When looking at an example that uses the «nous» form, the «-s» was added to indicate plural.

Cheryl

Kwiziq community member

12 November 2016

2 replies

How to form a question

by inverting a sentence that is both negative and in a compound tense, please?

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

16 November 2016

16/11/16

Bonjour Cheryl ! Let's take this negative statement in Le Passé Composé: "Tu n'as pas mangé aujourd'hui." (You haven't eaten today.) In an inverted question, it will become: "N'as-tu pas mangé aujourd'hui ?" Also have a look at our lesson on inverted questions in Le Passé Composé: https://progress.lawlessfrench.com/revision/grammar/how-to-form-inverted-questions-in-le-passe-compose-conversational-past I hope that's helpful! À bientôt !

Cheryl

Kwiziq community member

17 November 2016

17/11/16

Thank you Aurélie.
Clever stuff underway!