In the following cases, you cannot use sur (on) in French, but you will instead use dans (in).
Ils marchent dans la rue.They're walking on the street.
In the case of the street, we see the whole environment as 'the street' and you're situated in it.
Nous sommes dans le bus.We are on the bus.
Elle est dans le métro en ce moment.She is on the subway at the moment.
Il est dans le train.He is on the train.
Je suis dans l'avion.I'm on the plane.
In French, we consider that you are inside the transportation.
Mes grand-parents vivent dans une ferme.My grand-parents live on a farm.
Here in French we consider the farm as a house or a building you live in.
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