Agreement of Past Participles

RebeccaB2Kwiziq community member

Agreement of Past Participles

Hi,

I am under the impression that when conjugating a verb in the passé composé, the past participle will agree in the following instances:

When using avoir with a preceding direct object and using être and s'être. However, I have recently seen instances of conjugations of être/s'être not having any agreement.

Could anyone please tell me why this is? 

For example, why is the following sentence correct?

Les conférenciers s'étaient juré de nous renseigner sur l'histoire. 

Le genre s'était enrichi grâce à Ray Bradbury et à plusieurs auteurs qui se sont succédé tels que Stephen King et J.G Ballard. 

I would appreciate any responses,

Thanks!

Rebecca :) 

Asked 4 years ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Rebecca,

The rules of agreement of past participles with reflexive verbs are complex so I will try to keep it simple.

In your second sentence it is particular to the verb se succéder which can never have a direct object  ( Petit Grevisse # 390) :

verbs like : se ressembler, se plaire, se suffire, se sourire etc.

e.g.

Les rois qui se sont succédé ...

Ils se sont plu l'un à l'autre.

In the case of your first example 

the direct object is 'de nous renseigner sur l'histoire' which is after the verb, se jurer de faire quelque chose, so the past participle doesn't agree.

Hope this helps!

 

Agreement of Past Participles

Hi,

I am under the impression that when conjugating a verb in the passé composé, the past participle will agree in the following instances:

When using avoir with a preceding direct object and using être and s'être. However, I have recently seen instances of conjugations of être/s'être not having any agreement.

Could anyone please tell me why this is? 

For example, why is the following sentence correct?

Les conférenciers s'étaient juré de nous renseigner sur l'histoire. 

Le genre s'était enrichi grâce à Ray Bradbury et à plusieurs auteurs qui se sont succédé tels que Stephen King et J.G Ballard. 

I would appreciate any responses,

Thanks!

Rebecca :) 

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Ask a question

Find your French level for FREE

Test your French to the CEFR standard

Find your French level
Let me take a look at that...