Kwiziq community member
8 December 2017
Can someone please explain why the etre is used in the following question instead of Avoir.
I'm a bit confused by this because most of the other sentences do not use je suis. Thanks
Je suis avec ma copine depuis 2005.
I have been with my girlfriend since 2005.
This question relates to:French lesson "Using 'depuis' (since / for) with Le Présent and NOT Le Passé Composé (prepositions of time)"
Kwiziq language super star
9 December 2017
Hi Melanie, I think I understand your confusion.
Remember that in English, "have" is an auxiliary verb in sentences like "I have been" (this tense is called the present perfect in English, and is composed of a present tense conjugation of "to have" + the past participle of the verb, which in this case is "to be" - this structure is very similar to Le Passé Composé).
Now, when we use "depuis" to express "since" or "for" in French, we use it with the present tense. In constrast, in English, we use the present perfect.
So, "être avec" (to be with someone) in the present tense is "Je suis avec". In the English equivalent, "have" appears because we need to transpose the tense to the present perfect and so it becomes "I have been". You see than "to be" is still there but it's become the past participle in English, and have is just the usual auxiliary verb that's always part of that tense. I hope that makes sense?
6 January 2018
18 January 2018
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