Can someone explain to me if it is only jeter and appeler that follow the pattern of becoming jetter- and appelle- in the future tense?
Do all other verbs ending as -eter and -eler follow the pattern of becoming -èter- and -èler- in the future tense
It appears that only appeler and jeter ( and their derivatives) seem to behave this way.
Most verbs in 'eler' of 'eter' will not double up the -l or the -t to create an è sound but will use the è instead.
Verbs like surgeler ( to freeze) modeler ( to mold/to model), dégeler ( to thaw), hareceler ( to harass) etc.
----> je surgèlerai, je modèlerai, je dégèlerai, je harcèlerai, etc.
Verbs like acheter ( to buy), haleter ( to pant), fileter ( to thread/ fillet) ,
----> J'achèterai, je modèlerai, je filèterai
Hope this helps!
Verbs ending in -appeler or -jeter will also follow the pattern for appeler and jeter. So: rappeler, projeter, rejeter, etc.
Before the 1990 spelling reforms, there were many other verbs which also followed this pattern, so you might still see them spelled that way, but you don't need to learn them.
WordReference lists 129 verbs conjugated like appeler and jeter. Some of them, like feuilleter, chanceler, hoqueter and pelleter seem fairly common. I wouldn't try to memorize that many words but I think that knowing the pattern will help me to recognize them when reading French books or newspapers and gradually get used to the double consonant.
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