For some reason I thought "en" was used when referring to ideas or non-descript things?

Laura

Kwiziq community member

11 April 2016

4 replies

For some reason I thought "en" was used when referring to ideas or non-descript things?

I know en is used to replace things with "de/du/de la" but...I thought it was also used to replace ideas, things, etc.

This question relates to:
French lesson "Using le or l' to refer to previously mentioned ideas (direct object pronoun)"

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

12 April 2016

12/04/16

Bonjour Laura,

Note first that "en" is never used to replace people.
As for things, it depends on whether the original phrase it refers to is introduced by the preposition "de":
E.g. Tu veux de l'eau ?     Tu en veux ?
E.g. Je me moque de ton pull.     Je m'en moque.

Here are links to the lessons explaining when to use "en":

https://progress.lawlessfrench.com/revision/grammar/the-adverbial-pronoun-en-can-replace-a-phrase-introduced-by-de

https://progress.lawlessfrench.com/revision/grammar/the-adverbial-pronoun-en-means-of-them-with-quantities

I hope that's helpful!

A bientôt !

 

Laura

Kwiziq language super star

12 April 2016

12/04/16

Bonjour Laura, En is used to replace de + anything, whether concrete or abstract. When there's no de, there can't be en. Le is used instead.

Joakim

Kwiziq community member

12 April 2016

12/04/16

"en" not used with people? How about this : Combien de personnes avez-vous sous votre commandement? J'en ai 100.

isabelle

Kwiziq community member

16 October 2016

16/10/16

It is because it deals with quantity - As-tu un livre de français? Oui, j'en ai 100 - ( object) AS-tu des amis chez toi en ce moment? Oui j'en ai - (personnes) Combien d'employés avez-vous dans votre entreprise? J'en ai 10 // j'en ai 2000. ( personnes)

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