Heureux also an adverbe?

HeatherB1Kwiziq community member

Heureux also an adverbe?

In the sentence Ils ont vécu heureux pendant des nombreuses années, is heureux being used as an adverbe? Heureusement, the adverb, seems to mean luckily rather than happily. Is this so?

Asked 6 months ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Interesting question Heather!

It is in fact not an adverb but an adjective /attribute used with a verb of state (vivre).

In this particular example, the verb être ( which is a verb of state par excellence!) is implied as -

vivre (étant) heureux = to live your life happy ( rather than happily) it describes the state of being happy.

You could say-

vivre caché = to live a hidden life

Other verbs are 'demeurer''rester', 'mourir'...

Il est mort jeune = He died young

Elle est morte pauvre She died in a state of poverty

Ils sont resté coincésThey remained stuck there

It is a tricky one to explain, I believe it is the same in English, and I hope this helps!

 

HeatherB1Kwiziq community member

Thank you so much. Your explanation is very clear. 

Heureux also an adverbe?

In the sentence Ils ont vécu heureux pendant des nombreuses années, is heureux being used as an adverbe? Heureusement, the adverb, seems to mean luckily rather than happily. Is this so?

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