Participle agreement

TomC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Participle agreement

In the phrase 'une sensation de liberté telle qu'elle n'en avait jamais ressenti' why is ressenti not feminine ?

(Also, does the 'en' stand for anything grammatical or is it idiomatic?)

Asked 1 month ago
AlanC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer

If the English text had been "that she had never felt before" rather than "such as she had never felt before", then the conjunction would have been "que" instead of "telle que", and I think there would be no need for "en". In this case the COD would be "sensation" and the agreement would be required. But in this case the COD is "en".

The agreement (or not) when en is the COD seems to be very complex, even for native speakers. You can read the following threads if you're interested, but the best advice seems to be:

Quant à l'accord avec en, je l'ai déjà dit et le répète: le plus simple est de toujours laisser le participe passé invariable. (L'invariabilité est en effet toujours correcte, contrairement à l'accord qui n'est pas toujours possible.)

https://forum.wordreference.com/threads/plus-despoir-dexcitation-et-de-peur-quil-nen-avait-jamais-ressenti-s-accord.2288492/

https://forum.wordreference.com/threads/en-accord-du-participe-pass%C3%A9.537058/

https://www.etudes-litteraires.com/grammaire/accord-participe-passe-en.php

ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

Une sensation de liberté telle qu'elle n'en avait jamais ressenti. -- A feeling of freedom such as she had never felt ("of them") before.

The en refers to all the feelings of freedom, of which (=en) she had never felt any before. It is superfluous in English but often used in French. It occurs in sentences like:

Je n'en ai jamais vu aucun. -- I have never seen any (of them).
Oui, j'en ai ajeté trois. -- Yes, I bought three (of them).

Participle agreement

In the phrase 'une sensation de liberté telle qu'elle n'en avait jamais ressenti' why is ressenti not feminine ?

(Also, does the 'en' stand for anything grammatical or is it idiomatic?)

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