Conjugate regular -ir verbs (+ avoir) in Le Passé Composé (conversational past)

See how to conjugate regular -IR verbs in Le Passé Composé with the example of finir (to finish):

 

REGULAR -IR VERB 
FINIR to finish

j'

ai fini
I finished

tu

as fini
you finished

il / elle / on

a fini
he / she / one finished

nous

avons fini
we finished

vous

avez fini
you finished

ils/elles

ont fini
they finished

Regular -IR verbs are easy to conjugate in Le Passé Composé :  

avoir in Le Présent + past participle

To form the past participle of regular -ir verbs, simply replace the -ir ending of the infinitive form with -i:

finir (to finish) -> fini  (finished)
choisir (to choose) -> choisi  (chosen)
remplir (to fill in) -> rempli  (filled in)
dormir (to sleep) -> dormi  (slept)
servir (to serve) -> servi  (served)
etc

ATTENTION: 

Note that with avoir as an auxiliary, past participles never agree with the subject of the verb:

Il a choisi l'écharpe bleue.
He chose the blue scarf.

Elle a choisi l'écharpe bleue.
She chose the blue scarf.

 

Here are more examples to listen to:

J'ai choisi la robe bleue.
I chose the blue dress.

Tu as minci depuis l'année dernière.
You lost weight since last year.

Il a fini ses devoirs.
He finished his homework.

Nous avons nourri nos chiens.
We fed our dogs.

Vous avez puni votre fils.
You grounded your son.

Ils ont réussi à la convaincre.
They managed to convince her.

 




See also Conjugate regular -er verbs (+ avoir) in Le Passé Composé (conversational past) and Conjugate regular -dre verbs (+ avoir) in Le Passé Composé (conversational past)

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

J'ai choisi la robe bleue.
I chose the blue dress.


Elle a choisi l'écharpe bleue.
She chose the blue scarf.


Tu as minci depuis l'année dernière.
You lost weight since last year.


Il a choisi l'écharpe bleue.
He chose the blue scarf.


Il a fini ses devoirs.
He finished his homework.


Vous avez puni votre fils.
You grounded your son.


Nous avons nourri nos chiens.
We fed our dogs.


Ils ont réussi à la convaincre.
They managed to convince her.



Q&A Forum 6 questions, 12 answers

JohnA2Kwiziq community member

How do I type the accents needed with this keyboard please ?

Asked 8 months ago
CécileKwiziq team member

Hi John,

It depends on your device...

Take a look at this page in FAQ’s -

https://progress.lawlessfrench.com/faqs#span_id_accents_span_How_can_I_type_accents

 

Also this question has been asked already and may be a search would prove useful....

JohnA2Kwiziq community member

Got it , many thanks , John.

EveA1Kwiziq community member

On Mac you can show the "keybord input source name" up on the top right of the bar, to the left of the day's date. You can show keyboard too. 

Go on You Tube to look at a video on exactly how to do this if you cannot figure it out.

(If you have a MS platform you can also watch a vid on You Tube for your type of computer) 

There's also the Symbols menu where you can find the accents and copy and paste OR better, learn the keystrokes. Most Email servers can adjust the language too, so you can choose French for your Email language setting and just type the word in, if you do a spell check, it will show the corrected word on a dropdown.  

Or buy a Mac!

How do I type the accents needed with this keyboard please ?

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RobinA2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

direct vs. indirect object

Ex. from above:  Ils ont réussi à la convaincre.  Subject They/verb succeeded - requires preposition à before infinitive verb convaincre to convince?

  I am wondering why "la" direct object is used here instead of "lui" please?  Merci! 

Asked 10 months ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

Ils ont réussi à la convaincre. -- They succeeded in convincing her.

"La" is the direct object of "convaincre": convaincre quelqu'un -- to convince somebody.

RobinA2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
merci! 
Robin asked:View original

direct vs. indirect object

Ex. from above:  Ils ont réussi à la convaincre.  Subject They/verb succeeded - requires preposition à before infinitive verb convaincre to convince?

  I am wondering why "la" direct object is used here instead of "lui" please?  Merci! 

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NigelA2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Significance of description of passe compose

Is there any significance in the website's use of "passe compose" in some cases and "Le Passe Compose (conversational past)" in other cases?
Asked 2 years ago
RonC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor
Bonjour Nigel, «le passé composé (conversational past)» and «passé composé» mean the same thing. «Le Passé Composé» is the more formal way to write «passé composé». During a discussion, either oral or written, it is not uncommon to simply use «passé composé» in explanations and discussions in lieu of the more formal form. Bonne chance et bonne continuation.
NigelA2Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
Ron, Hiya !! Many thanks! So, the answer is, there's no difference, and it's just a bit confusing the way the website uses them interchangeably with no explanation. Cheers!! NMO
Nigel asked:View original

Significance of description of passe compose

Is there any significance in the website's use of "passe compose" in some cases and "Le Passe Compose (conversational past)" in other cases?

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MelvinA2Kwiziq community member

Bonjour, Aurélie. I have a question.

Why is it "tu as minci depuis l'année dernière" and not "tu mincis.."? In another lesson, it says that when using depuis the must be in the present tense. Merci beaucoup pour vos leçons. ^^
Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team memberCorrect answer
Bonjour Melvin, Here you use Le Passé Composé as the action of losing weight is completely over by the time the speaker notices it. In English, you'd say "You lost weight since last year.". If I said "Tu mincis depuis l'année dernière.", it would sound as if she's still losing weight as we speak, in a weird way (i.e. You've been losing weight since last year.)... Le Présent is used to translate the Present Perfect (have + -ED). I hope that's helpful! À bientôt !
MelvinA2Kwiziq community member
Je l'ai comprenu. Merci de votre réponse. ^^
MelvinA2Kwiziq community member
Oops compris*

Bonjour, Aurélie. I have a question.

Why is it "tu as minci depuis l'année dernière" and not "tu mincis.."? In another lesson, it says that when using depuis the must be in the present tense. Merci beaucoup pour vos leçons. ^^

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KevinB1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Hi, Aurélie,

Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Kévin !

Hi, Aurélie,

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KevinB1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Is there a test for this lesson?

Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Kevin, If you want to test yourself against that specific lesson, you can either take the short pop-up kwiz which appears when you're on the lesson page, or add this lesson to your notebook to generate a personalised test. See how to do this: https://progress.lawlessfrench.com/blog/kwiziq-notebook/ Hope that's helpful!

Is there a test for this lesson?

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