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Conjugate regular -ir verbs (+ avoir) in Le Passé Composé (conversational past)

See how to conjugate regular -IR verbs in Le Passé Composé with the example of finir (to finish):

 

REGULAR -IR VERB 
FINIR to finish

j'

ai fini
I finished

tu

as fini
you finished

il / elle / on

a fini
he / she / one finished

nous

avons fini
we finished

vous

avez fini
you finished

ils/elles

ont fini
they finished

Regular -IR verbs are easy to conjugate in Le Passé Composé :  

avoir in Le Présent + past participle

To form the past participle of regular -ir verbs, simply replace the -ir ending of the infinitive form with -i:

finir (to finish) -> fini  (finished)
choisir (to choose) -> choisi  (chosen)
remplir (to fill in) -> rempli  (filled in)
dormir (to sleep) -> dormi  (slept)
servir (to serve) -> servi  (served)
etc

ATTENTION: 

Note that with avoir as an auxiliary, past participles never agree with the subject of the verb:

Il a choisi l'écharpe bleue.
He chose the blue scarf.

Elle a choisi l'écharpe bleue.
She chose the blue scarf.

 

Here are more examples to listen to:

J'ai choisi la robe bleue.
I chose the blue dress.

Tu as minci depuis l'année dernière.
You lost weight since last year.

Il a fini ses devoirs.
He finished his homework.

Nous avons nourri nos chiens.
We fed our dogs.

Vous avez puni votre fils.
You grounded your son.

Ils ont réussi à la convaincre.
They managed to convince her.

 




See also Conjugate regular -er verbs (+ avoir) in Le Passé Composé (conversational past) and Conjugate regular -dre verbs (+ avoir) in Le Passé Composé (conversational past)

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Il a fini ses devoirs.
He finished his homework.


Vous avez puni votre fils.
You grounded your son.


Nous avons nourri nos chiens.
We fed our dogs.


Ils ont réussi à la convaincre.
They managed to convince her.



J'ai choisi la robe bleue.
I chose the blue dress.


Elle a choisi l'écharpe bleue.
She chose the blue scarf.


Tu as minci depuis l'année dernière.
You lost weight since last year.


Il a choisi l'écharpe bleue.
He chose the blue scarf.


Micro kwiz: Conjugate regular -ir verbs (+ avoir) in Le Passé Composé (conversational past)
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Q&A

Nigel

Kwiziq community member

12 October 2017

2 replies

Significance of description of passe compose

Is there any significance in the website's use of "passe compose" in some cases and "Le Passe Compose (conversational past)" in other cases?

Ron

Kwiziq community member

13 October 2017

13/10/17

Bonjour Nigel,
«le passé composé (conversational past)» and «passé composé» mean the same thing. «Le Passé Composé» is the more formal way to write «passé composé». During a discussion, either oral or written, it is not uncommon to simply use «passé composé» in explanations and discussions in lieu of the more formal form.
Bonne chance et bonne continuation.

Nigel

Kwiziq community member

16 October 2017

16/10/17

Ron, Hiya !!

Many thanks!
So, the answer is, there's no difference, and it's just a bit confusing the way the website uses them interchangeably with no explanation.

Cheers!!

NMO

Melvin

Kwiziq community member

24 October 2016

3 replies

Bonjour, Aurélie. I have a question.

Why is it "tu as minci depuis l'année dernière" and not "tu mincis.."? In another lesson, it says that when using depuis the must be in the present tense. Merci beaucoup pour vos leçons. ^^

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

24 October 2016

24/10/16

Bonjour Melvin,

Here you use Le Passé Composé as the action of losing weight is completely over by the time the speaker notices it. In English, you'd say "You lost weight since last year.".
If I said "Tu mincis depuis l'année dernière.", it would sound as if she's still losing weight as we speak, in a weird way (i.e. You've been losing weight since last year.)...
Le Présent is used to translate the Present Perfect (have + -ED).

I hope that's helpful!
À bientôt !

Melvin

Kwiziq community member

25 October 2016

25/10/16

Je l'ai comprenu. Merci de votre réponse. ^^

Melvin

Kwiziq community member

25 October 2016

25/10/16

Oops compris*

Kevin

Kwiziq community member

6 July 2016

1 reply

Hi, Aurélie,

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

6 July 2016

6/07/16

Bonjour Kévin !

Kevin

Kwiziq community member

4 July 2016

1 reply

Is there a test for this lesson?

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

4 July 2016

4/07/16

Bonjour Kevin,

If you want to test yourself against that specific lesson, you can either take the short pop-up kwiz which appears when you're on the lesson page, or add this lesson to your notebook to generate a personalised test.

See how to do this: https://progress.lawlessfrench.com/blog/kwiziq-notebook/

Hope that's helpful!
Clever stuff underway!