Forming inverted questions with subject pronouns in Le Passé Composé (conversational past)

To form questions by inverting in Passé composé when the subject is a subject pronoun, you follow this order:

(question word) + auxiliary avoir/être + hyphen + je/tu/il/elle/on/nous/vous/ils/elles + past participle

Il est allé au cinéma  -> Est-il allé au cinéma? 
He went to the cinema  ->  Did he go to the cinema? 

Here are more examples:

Est-il allé au cinéma?
Did he go to the cinema?

Ai-je mangé des pâtes?
Did I eat pasta?

Avons-nous dormi toute la nuit?
Did we sleep all night?

Pourquoi êtes-vous partis si tôt ?
Why did you leave so early?

Quand as-tu appris la nouvelle ?
When did you hear the news?

sont-ils allés ?
Where did they go?


ATTENTION:

For pronouns il/elle/on + avoir, you need to add a -t- between avoir (= a) and the pronoun, to ease the pronunciation:

Quand a-t-il revu Angélique ?
When did he see Angélique again?

A-t-elle joué avec son frère?
Did she play with her brother?

A-t-on oublié quelque chose ?
Did we forget something?

 

See also Forming inverted questions in Le Présent (except il, elle, on forms)
Forming inverted questions in Le Présent with il, elle, on

but also Forming inverted questions with nouns in Le Passé Composé (conversational past)
and Forming inverted questions with reflexive verbs in Le Passé Composé

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Ai-je mangé des pâtes?
Did I eat pasta?


Quand as-tu appris la nouvelle ?
When did you hear the news?


Avons-nous dormi toute la nuit?
Did we sleep all night?


Pourquoi êtes-vous partis si tôt ?
Why did you leave so early?


Quand a-t-il revu Angélique ?
When did he see Angélique again?


A-t-elle joué avec son frère?
Did she play with her brother?


A-t-on oublié quelque chose ?
Did we forget something?


Est-il allé au cinéma?
Did he go to the cinema?


sont-ils allés ?
Where did they go?


Q&A Forum 4 questions, 10 answers

MenaB2Kwiziq community member

Négation de la phrase: Paul a-t-il regardé la télé ?

Is this the correct negativ form: Paul n'a-t-il pas regardé la télé ?

Asked 4 weeks ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Mena,

This negative sentence is correct too.

Bonne Continuation!

Négation de la phrase: Paul a-t-il regardé la télé ?

Is this the correct negativ form: Paul n'a-t-il pas regardé la télé ?

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GrahamC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

"Sont-elles parties avant la fin du film?" I was marked partially correct for this answer. Why?

Asked 1 year ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

Hi Graham,

the sentence you quote looks perfectly correct to me. I would need the full text of the question to understand better what the question was aiming at specifically.

-- Chris (not a native teacher).

CécileKwiziq team member

Hi Graham,

Please re-post your question using the 'Report it' button in your Correction Board as it links directly to the specific quiz you're referring to and makes it easier for us to answer you.

The Q&A is for more general language questions.

"Sont-elles parties avant la fin du film?" I was marked partially correct for this answer. Why?

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JenniferC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Is this a correct reflexive verb question please,

Vous êtes-vous rasé ce matin?
Asked 2 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Jennifer ! Yes, this is a perfect sentence ;) And it would be "Vous êtes-vous raséE ce matin ?" if you talked to a woman! Bonne journée !
JenniferC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
Bonjous Aurélie, Thank you for your replu

Is this a correct reflexive verb question please,

Vous êtes-vous rasé ce matin?

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KazukoB2Kwiziq community member

J'ai une question: A-t-elle joué avec son frère?

Shouldn't "joué" be "jouée," as the subject is elle?

Asked 3 years ago
LauraKwiziq team memberCorrect answer
Bonjour Kazuko,

No, there's only agreement with the subject when the helping verb is être - see Agreeing past participle with subject's gender and number with (+ être) verbs in Le Passé Composé
KazukoB2Kwiziq community member
Oh, j'ai apprendu quelque chose de nouveau! Merci!
ClaudiaA1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

Isn't Joué a verb? Therefore it does not take a feminine form. Isn't it so?

LauraKwiziq team member

Bonjour Claudia,

Joué is a past participle, and past participles do take a feminine form, which is called "agreement." There are different types of agreement depending on the verb.

In this case, the only time joué requires agreement is when it's preceded by a direct object; for example, J'aime la musique que tu as jouée.

You can learn more about this here: Special cases when the past participle agrees (in number & gender) when used with 'avoir' in Le Passé Composé

KayodeB2Kwiziq community member

No. Because the auxiliary verb is not être.  It is avoir. 

J'ai une question: A-t-elle joué avec son frère?

Shouldn't "joué" be "jouée," as the subject is elle?

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Getting that for you now.