Adjectives ending with mute -e don't change in the feminine form

You probably already know the first rule of adding an 'e' to make a feminine adjective (See previous lesson Make most adjectives feminine by adding -e):

Il y a un rat gris et une souris grise.
There is a grey rat and a grey mouse.

Now look at these cases:

J'ai acheté un sac rouge et une robe rouge.
I bought a red bag and a red dress.

Il connaît un garçon timide et une fille timide.
He knows a shy boy and a shy girl.

Je me suis cassé le bras gauche et la main gauche.
I broke my left arm and my left hand.

Notice that when the adjective already ends in a mute -e in the masculine form, it stays the same in the feminine form.

 

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Il y a un rat gris et une souris grise.
There is a grey rat and a grey mouse.


J'ai acheté un sac rouge et une robe rouge.
I bought a red bag and a red dress.


mute -e


Je me suis cassé le bras gauche et la main gauche.
I broke my left arm and my left hand.


J'ai un stylo rouge et une règle rouge.
I've got a red pen and a red ruler.


Il connaît un garçon timide et une fille timide.
He knows a shy boy and a shy girl.


regular


Le pull vert est dans la voiture verte.
The green jumper is in the green car.


Q&A Forum 2 questions, 4 answers

I’ll start again: If the sentence order is buying a yellow ruler (fem) and yellow pen (masc)—-sentence in that order—-why is the pen adj fem?

I got this wrong on the test, but the lesson doesn’t speak clearly to the answer the test wanted. I’m confused.

Asked 2 months ago
ChrisC1Correct answer

Hi Valerie, the adjective "jaune" is spelled the same for feminine and masculine nouns.

CécileKwiziq language super starCorrect answer

Ah, much better! I over-thought the question and forgot about those colors whose endings are the same regardless of gender. Merci beaucoup!

I’ll start again: If the sentence order is buying a yellow ruler (fem) and yellow pen (masc)—-sentence in that order—-why is the pen adj fem?

I got this wrong on the test, but the lesson doesn’t speak clearly to the answer the test wanted. I’m confused.

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how will i know if it is a mute e

Asked 2 years ago
LauraKwiziq language super star
Bonjour Maria, An unaccented e at the end of a word is always mute.

how will i know if it is a mute e

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