In the following cases, the person is NOT the one doing the action, but is the object of the action -> Whom does someone meet, see...?
Note how we can ask whom in three different ways:
You can use qui followed by the inverted form of the verb. (Whom does she like?)
Qui aime-t-elle?Whom does she like?
Qui as-tu rencontré?Whom did you meet?
You can use qui after the normal sentence. (literally: She likes whom?)
Elle aime qui?Whom does she like?
Tu as rencontré qui?Whom did you meet?
And you can use the longer form with qui est-ce que ... ? (literally: who is it whom she likes?).
This one is never followed by the inverted form.
Qui est-ce qu'elle aime?Whom does she like?
Qui est-ce que tu as rencontré?Whom did you meet?
You can also sometimes encounter the form c'est qui que, however, this is NOT really grammatically correct!
C'est qui qu'elle aime?Whom does she like?
literally: It's who whom she likes?
C'est qui que tu as rencontré?Whom did you meet?
See also Qui/Qui est-ce qui [conjugated verb] ? = Who ... ? (French Questions)
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