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L'un(e) ... l'autre, les un(e)s ... les autres = One ... the other(s) (indefinite pronouns)

Look at these sentences:

Les enfants sont pleins d'énergie: les uns courent, les autres crient.The children are full of energy: some run, others shout.

Les femmes étaient occupées: les unes cuisinaient, les autres faisaient la vaisselle.The women were busy: some were cooking, others were washing the dishes.

Tom et Maxime sont très différents: l'un est calme et l'autre hyperactif.Tom and Maxime are very different: one is calm, and the other hyperactive.

Mes chaussettes ne vont pas ensemble: l'une est bleue et l'autre rouge.My socks don't match: one is blue and the other is red.

Notice that l'un... l'autre means 'one (of)... the other', and les uns... les autres means 'some (of)... others'.  

N.B.: un and autre agree in gender (un/une/autre) and number (uns/unes/autres) with the object it refers to.

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Examples and resources

Mes chaussettes ne vont pas ensemble: l'une est bleue et l'autre rouge.My socks don't match: one is blue and the other is red.
Tom et Maxime sont très différents: l'un est calme et l'autre hyperactif.Tom and Maxime are very different: one is calm, and the other hyperactive.
Les femmes étaient occupées: les unes cuisinaient, les autres faisaient la vaisselle.The women were busy: some were cooking, others were washing the dishes.
Les enfants sont pleins d'énergie: les uns courent, les autres crient.The children are full of energy: some run, others shout.
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