N'avoir plus de = To have none left (negation)

Look at these sentences:

Je n'ai plus d'encre dans mon stylo.
I have no ink left in my pen.

Tu n'as plus de lait.
You have no milk left.

Julie n'a plus de beurre.
Julie doesn't have any butter left.

Il n'a plus de billes.
He doesn't have any marbles left.

Vous n'avez plus de pommes à la maison.
You don't have any apples left at home.

 

To say you have none left in French, you wrap the expression ne ... plus de around the verb avoir (to have).

Note also that when the object is countable (apples, marbles etc.), the -s remains at the end.

ATTENTION:

In this negative structure, you only use de or d' in front of a vowel or mute h.
See also Du, de la, de l', des all become de or d' in negative sentences (partitive articles)

 

Pronounciation Note: when plus has a negative meaning (no more), you never pronounce the final -s.

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Vous n'avez plus de pommes à la maison.
You don't have any apples left at home.


Il n'a plus de billes.
He doesn't have any marbles left.


Julie n'a plus de beurre.
Julie doesn't have any butter left.


Je n'ai plus d'encre dans mon stylo.
I have no ink left in my pen.


Tu n'as plus de lait.
You have no milk left.


Q&A

Roy

Kwiziq community member

21 October 2018

3 replies

"Plus" usually means "more". Then the sentance, Il n'a plus de billes, should read, I do not have anymore marbles. Where does "left" come from?

Chris

Kwiziq community member

22 October 2018

22/10/18

Hi Roy,

Translating between languages isn't a mathematical science. The upshot is that the sentence Je n'ai plus de billes carries the same meaning as the English "I don't have anymore marbles" or "I don't have anymore marbles left". Either of those English versions would translate to the same French sentence.

Roy

Kwiziq community member

22 October 2018

22/10/18

Thanks guys. My problem was that my answer to a recent kwiz question was determined, not "right" because I "left" out the "left". Lol. Salut

Chris

Kwiziq community member

22 October 2018

22/10/18

I empathize with you. It is, after all, just a dumb computer comparing strings of letters without regard for their meaning. 

Mouse

Kwiziq community member

11 October 2018

1 reply

Vous n'avez plus de pommes à la maison - why isn’t it des pommes here if there are multiple apples?

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

11 October 2018

11/10/18

Bonjour Mouse !

As stated in the lesson, with that negative structure (no more left), the articles follow the established rule of becoming de or d'

Have a look at the related lesson: 
https://progress.lawlessfrench.com/revision/grammar/the-partitive-article-in-negative-sentences

I hope that's helpful!
Bonne journée !

helen

Kwiziq community member

7 January 2018

4 replies

Could you also use aucun?

She doesn't have any milk left. "Elle n'a plus aucun de lait" Would that be considered wrong?

Chris

Kwiziq community member

8 January 2018

8/01/18

That sounds wrong to my ears, Helen. "Aucun" refers to countable objects. But: Elle n'a aucune de bouteilles de lait. -- She hasn't got any milk bottles. Elle n'a plus de bouteilles de lait. -- She has no more milk bottles. Elle n'a pas de bouteilles de lait. -- She has no milk bottles. In this examples the bottles of milk are individually countable and therefore "aucune" works in this case. But I don't think you can use "aucune" and "plus" together. -- Chris (not a native speaker).

helen

Kwiziq community member

8 January 2018

8/01/18

Thank you, Chris... I was also looking for Aucun/e in the double negative lesson and didn't find it. I really appreciate your help.

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

6 February 2018

6/02/18

Hi Helen,

It is incorrect to say what you suggest for,  She doesn't have any milk left .

You would  say , Elle n'a plus de lait  or even,  Elle n'a plus du tout de lait.

For the double negatives using aucun here are a couple of examples using ne plus and aucun Elle n'a plus aucun respect pour lui, or, Elle n'a plus aucun ami, which will translate as, She has no respect left for him whatsoever, She has no friends left whatsoever.

Hope this helps!







 










 

helen

Kwiziq community member

6 February 2018

6/02/18

Really clear,Cecile-- Thank you!

Rod

Kwiziq community member

16 April 2017

2 replies

Je n'est pas de questions.

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

18 April 2017

18/04/17

Bonjour Rod ! Do you mean "Je n'ai pas de questions." ? :)

Rod

Kwiziq community member

20 April 2017

20/04/17

Bien sur!

ann

Kwiziq community member

29 July 2016

1 reply

Il n'ya plus de billes = There are no more marbles left. correct?

Laura

Kwiziq language super star

1 August 2016

1/08/16

Very close: il n'y a - don't forget the space between y and a.

chris

Kwiziq community member

8 May 2016

1 reply

C'est vrai ?: je n'a plus d'eau

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

8 May 2016

8/05/16

Bonjour Chris! You would say: "Je n'AI plus d'eau.". "a" is the verb form for "il/elle/on" : e.g. "Il n'a plus d'eau." A bientôt !

John

Kwiziq community member

23 March 2016

5 replies

Hi Laura - can you invert "n'avoir plus de" to form a question?

ie - Don't you have any money left?

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

23 March 2016

23/03/16

Bonjour John,

This is a very interesting question.
You could indeed form the following question:
"N'as-tu plus d'argent ?"
But you could also use "As-tu encore de l'argent ?" which would be "Do you still have some money?".

I hope that's helpful!

John

Kwiziq community member

23 March 2016

23/03/16

Oui, merci beaucoup!!

John

Kwiziq community member

5 April 2017

5/04/17

Does "est-ce que tu n'as plus d'argent?" mean the same as "don't you have any money left?"

Shruti

Kwiziq community member

22 February 2018

22/02/18

Can it be - Tu n’as plus d’argent ?

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

5 March 2018

5/03/18

@ John and Shruti

Yes, both your sentences are valid to ask "Don't you have any money left?"  :)

Bonne journée! 

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