Tu and vous are used for three types of you

In French there are two words for you but they cover three distinct cases:

Tu as faim?
Are you hungry?

Vous avez faim? 
Are you hungry?

Vous avez faim?
Are you hungry?

Two singular "you"s

- Tu is used to address someone informally: a friend, a relative or someone close.

- Vous is used to address someone formally: someone older, a superior at work, or just someone you don't know well.

One plural "you"

Vous is also used to address (formally or informally) two or more people.

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources


To ask your children, Jean et Aurélie, if they're hungry


Vous avez faim?
Are you hungry?


To ask your friend, Michel, if he's hungry


Tu as faim?
Are you hungry?


To ask your manager, M. Dupont, if he's hungry


Vous avez faim? 
Are you hungry?


Q&A Forum 8 questions, 17 answers

EllieA0Kwiziq community member

em: why is vous used for you all too?

Asked 8 months ago
CécileKwiziq team member

Hi Ellie, 

It is just a particularity of the French language ....

ShemidaA0Kwiziq community member

vous is used because in the french language vous is used to adress someone formally or as a group of people

em: why is vous used for you all too?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

GloriaA1Kwiziq community member

Please can you explain why Tu is used before a vowel and not T'

Tu aimes 

Asked 9 months ago
CécileKwiziq team memberCorrect answer

Hi Gloria,

You will hear-

 'T'aimes ça? 

'T'as faim? 

in every day very informal speech (within a family setting) but normally the Tu would not be elided ...

LilyA0Kwiziq community member

Salut Cecile,

Would friends of the same age also use "T'as"?

CécileKwiziq team member

Between friends definitely although a parent might use 'tu as faim' to a child to teach him/her to speak 'properly'.....

Please can you explain why Tu is used before a vowel and not T'

Tu aimes 

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Sinthuja A0Kwiziq community member

i have a doubt. which is ''tu as faim''. question or sentence. because you are using in same way.

Asked 2 years ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer
Tu as faim -- You are hungry.
Tu as faim ? -- Are you hungry.

It depends on the intonation; the words don't change.

There are three ways to phrase a question in French:

1) With est-ce que... : Est-ce que tu as faim?
2) With inversion: As-tu faim?
3) With intonation: Tu as faim?

All three are asking the same thing. But with the third option you just use intonation to make it into a question.

-- Chris (not a native speaker).

i have a doubt. which is ''tu as faim''. question or sentence. because you are using in same way.

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

MethA0Kwiziq community member

comment ça va ?

Asked 2 years ago
RonC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor
Bonjour Meth, ça va bien, et vous? Mais, il n'y a pas une question ici? Est-ce que vous avez une question?
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor
"Comment ça va" is a bit familiar. You would not, in all likelihood, use it in a situation where you don't know the other person. You would probably use the more formal "Comment allez-vous?". I am not entirely sure if this is what you were trying to ask. Greetings, -- Chris (who is not a native speaker)
RyanA0Kwiziq community member
Ca va bien
ShemidaA0Kwiziq community member

ca va bien merci

comment ça va ?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

DenisA0Kwiziq community member

Vous avez fatigue?

Asked 2 years ago
DenisA0Kwiziq community member
Non, je ne fatigue pas
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Denis ! To express "to be tired" in French, you will use the verb "être" (to be) as such: "Vous êtes fatigué ? / Tu es fatigué ? - Non, je ne suis pas fatigué." "Je ne fatigue pas." means "I don't tire." I hope that's helpful! À bientôt !
AndreaA0Kwiziq community member
Je ai fatigué
NickA2Kwiziq community member
The french language tends not to like putting vowels in pairs......so it would be J'ai - however it is "I am tired" not I have tired.  So .........Je suis fatigué.

Vous avez fatigue?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

MalcolmA2Kwiziq community member

Why do we bother with tu? Most of us are never going to get that close to a French person.

Asked 2 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Malcolm ! Actually, you would also use "tu" when talking to someone younger than you, like a child or a teenager, or a classmate! Plus, speaking as a French woman whose partner is English, you never know what can happen in life :) Better be prepared ! À bientôt !

Why do we bother with tu? Most of us are never going to get that close to a French person.

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

CharlesA1Kwiziq community member

Two questions about Tu and Vous

If there's a case that my teacher (or teacher's assistent) is somewhere near my age or we have known each other for a while (usually educators want to be as quick as possible to befriend students during class, so that would be approximately two weeks), should I address them in Tu or Vous? Another case is that what if I've chatted with a person whom I've just met for an hour and after a while I text that person in Tu, would I sound repelling? Merci beaucoup in advance!
Asked 3 years ago
LauraKwiziq team member
Bonjour Charles, When you're not sure, including in both of these cases, just ask "On peut se tutoyer?" This is typically French and the answer will almost always be "Oui!"

Two questions about Tu and Vous

If there's a case that my teacher (or teacher's assistent) is somewhere near my age or we have known each other for a while (usually educators want to be as quick as possible to befriend students during class, so that would be approximately two weeks), should I address them in Tu or Vous? Another case is that what if I've chatted with a person whom I've just met for an hour and after a while I text that person in Tu, would I sound repelling? Merci beaucoup in advance!

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

RishabhA0Kwiziq community member

Can vous be used as 'we' because i hv studied 'on' or 'nous'

Asked 3 years ago
AurélieKwiziq team member
Bonjour Rishabh, No, 'vous' can only mean 'you', whether it be a polite 'you' to address one person with reverence, or a plural 'you' to address a group of people. A bientôt !

Can vous be used as 'we' because i hv studied 'on' or 'nous'

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

How has your day been?