Why there is not liaison when we pronounce Des harricots? Should't it be pronounced as /dezaricot/ ?

Elena

Kwiziq community member

13 October 2017

3 replies

Why there is not liaison when we pronounce Des harricots? Should't it be pronounced as /dezaricot/ ?

This relates to:
Using du, de la, de l', des to express some or any (partitive articles) -

Ron

Kwiziq community member

13 October 2017

13/10/17

Bonjour Elena,
In French, there are two forms of the letter «h»:
1) le «h muet»
2) le «h aspiré»
With the «h muet» there is liaison
With the «h aspiré» there is NO liaison
I know that this is covered on this site but I am having difficulty locating it; so here is a link to a lesson that Laura has written on another site:
https://www.thoughtco.com/french-pronunciation-of-h-1369563
This gives a great definition and explanation between the two «h» forms.
If you are so inclined and need a video here is a link from a competitors site:
https://duckduckgo.com/?q=h+muet+vs+h+aspir%C3%A9&atb=v70-2&ia=videos&iax=videos&iai=IVR7W7OSONg
At times, I find it very helpful to search outside of Kwiziq for explanations when I become stuck on a topic. This gives me another point of view on the topic. However, having said that, I DO always come back to this site because I find it quite superior in the manner the material is presented and quite frankly, I love the quizzes.
J'espère que ma réponse vous aiderait.
Bonne chance et bonne continuation dans vos études en français, la langue de Molière et qui a été utilisé par le monde français depuis l’époque d’Hugues Capet

Gruff

Kwiziq language super star

14 October 2017

14/10/17

Hi Elena - Ron is correct.

French words starting with 'h' fall into two categories. One where the 'h' considered mute or silent, and the other where it's considered 'aspirated' and therefore liaison doesn't occur because it's in the way of the vowel. Confusingly, in fact, the h isn't really aspirated in the spoken form at all - it's just the liaison that doesn't happen. This probably for historic reasons as most of the 'h aspiré' words were adopted from other languages (handicap, hippie, hockey for example) where the h was truly aspirated (i.e. can be heard).

Haricot is a little trickier as you will sometimes hear people liaise it, but it's considered incorrect. There was even a rumour circulating - started by a newspaper - that the academie française was going to change the rules to allow it, but they have debunked this.

You can read more here:
http://www.academie-francaise.fr/questions-de-langue#43_strong-em-le-haricot-ou-l-haricot-em-strong

Note also that for h aspiré words, it's not just liaison but élision that's 'interdit'. We must write "le haricot" and not "l'haricot".

More about French elision: https://progress.lawlessfrench.com/revision/glossary/contraction/l-elision-elision

I see we are missing a page on liaison and we can add some info about h aspiré / muet too.

Hope this helps!

Ron

Kwiziq community member

14 October 2017

14/10/17

Salut Gruff,
I appreciate your reply because I was unaware of the historical reasons for the difference that you cite here.
Merci et bonne journée

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