Make most adjectives plural by adding -s

That's one of the main differences between English and French: in French, adjectives (small, nice, cheap...) agree in gender and number with the thing or person they refer to. Therefore, they will be either masculine or feminine, and either singular or plural, just like nouns.

Let's see how you pluralise simple adjectives:

un grand bol mais trois grands bols
a big bowl but three big bowls

une voiture verte et deux voitures vertes
a green car and two green cars

la femme française mais les femmes françaises
the French woman but the French women

un homme fort et des hommes forts.
a strong man and strong men

Note that regular adjectives take an -s in the plural form.


Case of mixed gender:

Paul est petit, Sylvia est petite : ils sont petits.
Paul is short, Sylvia is short : they are short.

Ma mère et mon père sont intéressants.
My mum and dad are interesting.

 

In such cases, you will use the masculine plural form of the adjective.



See also:Make most adjectives feminine by adding -e

and the more advanced: Adjectives ending in -s or -x only change their feminine forms when plural

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

une voiture verte et deux voitures vertes
a green car and two green cars


Paul est petit, Sylvia est petite : ils sont petits.
Paul is short, Sylvia is short : they are short.


un grand bol mais trois grands bols
a big bowl but three big bowls


un homme fort et des hommes forts.
a strong man and strong men


"Plurals in French" by www.frenchspanishonline.com


la femme française mais les femmes françaises
the French woman but the French women


Ma mère et mon père sont intéressants.
My mum and dad are interesting.


for an all female class


Ma sœur est intelligente. - Mes copines sont intelligentes aussi.
My sister is clever. - My girlfriends are clever too.


for boys or a mixed group


Mon élève est intelligent. - Mes élèves sont intelligents aussi.
My student is clever. - My students are clever too.


Q&A

Autumn

Kwiziq community member

24 May 2018

1 reply

Adjective before and/or after its noun

Why does an adjective sometimes come before the noun it modifies, and other times it comes after?  

ex. "un grand bol..." (adjective coming before)

"une voiture verte..." (adjective coming after)

Chris

Kwiziq community member

25 May 2018

25/05/18

Hi Autumn,

as with many topics in language learning, there is no explication except: that's the way it is.

-- Chris (not a native speaker).

Anish

Kwiziq community member

31 May 2017

2 replies

What is the translation for "The French Men"?

Ron

Kwiziq community member

31 May 2017

31/05/17

les hommes français des hommes français (some french men)

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

1 June 2017

1/06/17

Bonjour Anish ! You can also simply use "les Français" as a noun to say "the French (men)", and "les Françaises" for "the French (women)". See our related lesson: https://progress.lawlessfrench.com/revision/grammar/how-to-express-your-nationality-changes-whether-youre-a-man-or-a-woman-adjectives Bonne journée !
Thinking...