Conjugate avoir (j'ai, tu as, vous avez) in Le Présent (present tense)

The verb avoir means to have.

Here's how to say I have and you have in French:

J'ai un frère.
I have one brother.

Tu as un chien.
You have a dog.

Vous avez trois enfants.
You have three children.

Note that the verb form changes depending on who is acting. 

 

Remember that in French, to say you, you will use either: 

- tu to address one person you know well, i.e. "informal" and "singular"

- vous to address one person in a professional context, or that you don't know well, i.e. "formal" and "singular"
See Tu and vous are used for three types of you

Tu as un chat?
Do you have a cat?

Vous avez un hamster?
Do you have a hamster?

 

Here's a link to the full conjugation of avoir in Présent indicatif:
Conjugate avoir in Le Présent (present tense)

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

J'ai un frère.
I have one brother.


Tu as un chat?
Do you have a cat?




Vous avez trois enfants.
You have three children.


Tu as un chien.
You have a dog.


Vous avez un hamster?
Do you have a hamster?


Q&A Forum 2 questions, 4 answers

MichaelC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor

"Vous avez des frères et sœurs ?" means: Are you brothers and sisters? .... Can someone please explain why avoir is used and not être. ..... Thanks

Asked 11 months ago
ShreyA1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor Correct answer

Hi Michael,

The sentence 'Vous avez des frères et sœurs ?' actually means " Do you have brothers and sisters ? "

The verb 'avoir' is used here which means "to  have".

For the sentence 'Are you brothers and sisters?' , the French translation would be as "Êtes-vous frères et sœurs ? "

- Varsha

 

MichaelC1Kwiziq Q&A regular contributor
Thank you.
Maria YnmaculadaA0Kwiziq community member

Merci !

"Vous avez des frères et sœurs ?" means: Are you brothers and sisters? .... Can someone please explain why avoir is used and not être. ..... Thanks

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

TomA0Kwiziq community member

So to differentiate between "avoir" and "suis" avoir should be used in the possesive context and suis should be used in the 'personal' context?

Asked 1 year ago
ChrisC1 Kwiziq Q&A super contributor

I don't understand your question, Tom. Avoir means "to have". It is used in many different contexts in French, in particular as auxiliary verb in forming other tenses. In this respect it is similar to English.

By "suis" do you mean the verb être ("to be")? It is similarly used to form tenses and is also an irregular verb whose conjugation is important to know well.

So to differentiate between "avoir" and "suis" avoir should be used in the possesive context and suis should be used in the 'personal' context?

Sign in to submit your answer

Don't have an account yet? Join today

Let me take a look at that...