In English, when there are two subjects in a sentence (such as Marc and I, he and Lisa, you and I etc), we use subject pronouns. This is not the case in French.
Stress pronouns for compound subjects and objects in French
Look at these examples:
Jean et moi sommes allés au cinéma.Jean and I went to the cinema
Marie a invité Jean et moi au mariage.Marie invited Jean and me to the wedding
Note that whether Jean et moi
is the subject
of the verb (we
do the action of going to the cinema) or the object
of the verb (Marie invited us
), you use the stress pronoun moi
in both cases.
Indeed, with groups of pronouns connected by and or or (Martin and I, you and I, he or she...), in French you always use stress pronouns: moi, toi, lui, elle, nous, vous, eux, elles.
Here are more examples:
Lui et Sarah vont venir me voir.He and Sarah are going to come and see me.
Ma femme et toi êtes meilleures amies.My wife and you are best friends.
Hugo et eux ne s'entendent pas.They and Hugo don't get along.
Toi et moi sommes plus que des amis.You and I are more than friends.
- when the group contains a noun + a pronoun, it is more elegant to place the pronoun in second place.
- there is an informal "polite" rule stating that stress pronoun moi should always come second (Ma mère et moi, toi et moi), as it can be seen as self-centered to put oneself first.
Note: In English we use Pronom sujet (John and I went to the cinema) or Pronom d'objet (Mary invited John and me to the wedding) according to their role in the sentence.
French cannot use subject pronouns or object pronouns with these conjunctions, but rather requires stress pronouns (Pronom disjonctif).
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