Chacun, chacune, chaque = each, each one (indefinite adjectives and pronouns)

Chacun/chacune and chaque sound similar so it's easy to mix them up.  Here's how to use them correctly.

To express each/every in French, there are different expressions depending on sentences:

chaque [chose] each [thing]

To say each/every [thing], you use chaque + [singular noun].

Chaque pays avait envoyé une délégation.
Each country had sent a delegation.

Chaque jour, cela devient plus facile.
Each day, it becomes easier.

chacun/chacune des [choses] : each of [things]

To say each/every one of [things], you use chacun/chacune des + [plural noun].

Chacune des femmes apporte un plat.
Each of the women is bringing a dish.

Chacun des lutins a une tâche spécifique.
Each one of the elves has a specific task. 

Chacune des tables était décorée avec goût.
Each one of the tables was decorated tastefully. 

ATTENTION

To say each one of us/you/them, you use chacun/chacune d'entre nous/vous/eux/elles (stress pronouns)

Chacun d'entre vous mérite une récompense.
Each one of you deserves a reward.

Je respecte chacune d'entre elles.
I respect each one of them.
I respect every one of them.

chacun/chacune on their own = each one, every one

To say each/every [one], you use chacun / chacune.

Les filles sont élégantes: chacune porte une robe.
The girls are elegant: each one wears a dress.

On a le droit à un gâteau chacun.
We're allowed one cake each.

Chacun applies to nouns and was originally the contraction of "chaque+un / chaque+une".
It therefore agrees in gender with the person/group/thing it refers to.

ATTENTION 

You cannot write chaque un as two words.

See also the opposite:
Ne ... aucun(e) = None (negation)
and Aucun/e … ne = None of them (negation)

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Chacun d'entre vous mérite une récompense.
Each one of you deserves a reward.


Chacune des femmes apporte un plat.
Each of the women is bringing a dish.


Je respecte chacune d'entre elles.
I respect each one of them.
I respect every one of them.


Chaque jour, cela devient plus facile.
Each day, it becomes easier.


On a le droit à un gâteau chacun.
We're allowed one cake each.


Les filles sont élégantes: chacune porte une robe.
The girls are elegant: each one wears a dress.


Chacune des tables était décorée avec goût.
Each one of the tables was decorated tastefully. 


Chacun des lutins a une tâche spécifique.
Each one of the elves has a specific task. 


Mais dans chaque maison,  Il flotte un air de fête, 
But in each house,  There's a festive air,    


Chaque pays avait envoyé une délégation.
Each country had sent a delegation.


Q&A

Jinn

Kwiziq community member

28 April 2019

1 reply

related lessons: aucun(e)...ne and ne...aucun(e)

It may be useful to link lessons for 'aucun(e)', the opposite of chacun(e).

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

30 April 2019

30/04/19

Bonjour Jinn !

Thanks for that excellent suggestion! The links have now been added to that lesson :)

Merci et bonne journée !

John

Kwiziq community member

6 October 2016

1 reply

Verb conjuction after Chaqun(e) des .....

I noticed in the examples the conjugation is in the singular form and not plural, ie, chaqune des femmes apporte un plat (and not apportent un plat). Is there a simple way to explain this for me to remember (ie I want to say "chaqune des femmes" is more than one lady, so it is "they", so it's "elles apportent". I know its not the case here, but not sure why...?)

Laura

Kwiziq language super star

6 October 2016

6/10/16

Bonjour John, The literal translation is "each (one) of the women" and works the same way: each of the women brings / chacune [not "chaqune"] des femmes apporte.
Clever stuff underway!