black friday cyber monday last chance to save 25% on all packages »

Conjugate voir, devoir, pouvoir, boire, croire, savoir, lire, taire (+ avoir) in Le Passé Composé (conversational past)

In Le Passé Composé, some verbs have very short irregular past participles (vu, dû, pu, bu, cru, su, lu, tu).

Look at these sentences in Le Passé Composé:

As-tu vu l'éléphant rose?Did you see the pink elephant?

J'ai dû annuler mon vol.I had to cancel my flight.

Vous avez pu rencontrer Sting.You were able to meet Sting.
You could meet Sting.

Ils ont bu toute la soirée.They drank all night.

Je ne l'ai jamais cru.I never believed him.

Elle n'a jamais su la vérité.She never knew the truth.

Nous avons lu ce livre hier.We read that book yesterday.

Il a tu les raisons de son départ.He kept quiet the reasons of his departure.

Note that they all work with avoir as an auxiliary.

It's worth learning this list by heart since these verbs all have the same sounding short past participle:

voir (to see)  ->  vu
devoir (to have to)  ->  
pouvoir (to be able to)  ->  pu
boire (to drink) -> bu
croire (to believe) -> cru
savoir (to know) -> su 
lire (to read)  ->  lu
taire (to silence, to keep quiet)  ->  tu    [rare]

 

Want to make sure your French sounds confident? We’ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your gaps and mistakes. Start your Braimap today »

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

Il a tu les raisons de son départ.He kept quiet the reasons of his departure.
Elle n'a jamais su la vérité.She never knew the truth.
J'ai dû annuler mon vol.I had to cancel my flight.
Nous avons lu ce livre hier.We read that book yesterday.
Vous avez pu rencontrer Sting.You were able to meet Sting.
You could meet Sting.
Je ne l'ai jamais cru.I never believed him.
Ils ont bu toute la soirée.They drank all night.
As-tu vu l'éléphant rose?Did you see the pink elephant?
I'll be right with you...