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Position of object pronouns with verbs in compound tenses

Look at these sentences:

Tu lui as parlé.
You talked to her.You talked to him.

La télé? Oui, Marc l'a regardée.
Telly? Yes, Marc watched it.

Et le concert? Les enfants l'ont adoré.
What about the concert? The children loved it.

Ces épisodes? Il les avait déjà vus.
These episodes? He had already seen them.

Notice that when object pronouns are used in a sentence with a conjugated compound verb, they are placed between the subject and the verb "avoir".

ATTENTION:
Special cases when the past participle agrees (in number & gender) when used with 'avoir' in Le Passé Composé 

See also: 

Replacing nouns with le, la, l', les = it, him, her, them (direct object pronouns)

Me, te, nous, vous = Me, you, us, you (direct and indirect object pronouns)

Replacing people with lui, leur = him, her, them (indirect object pronouns)

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Examples and resources

La télé? Oui, Marc l'a regardée.
Telly? Yes, Marc watched it.


Et le concert? Les enfants l'ont adoré.
What about the concert? The children loved it.


Ces épisodes? Il les avait déjà vus.
These episodes? He had already seen them.


Tu lui as parlé.
You talked to her.You talked to him.


Micro kwiz: Position of object pronouns with verbs in compound tenses
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Q&A

Trenton

Kwiziq community member

17 February 2018

2 replies

Bonjour

Can you please tell me the placement of it in regards to all the verbs like present, passe compose, futur simple, etc? please i need it for my exam


Chris

Kwiziq community member

18 February 2018

18/02/18

What do you need to know over and above what's said in the lesson? Can you be more specific?


-- Chris. 

Chris

Kwiziq community member

18 February 2018

18/02/18

What do you need to know over and above what's said in the lesson? Can you be more specific?


-- Chris. 

Stuart

Kwiziq community member

2 January 2018

1 reply

La télé? Je l’ai regardé

Is the l’ part related to vowels not being able to go together? I read about ma amie becoming mon amie - is it the same for when la and ai come together also?

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

2 January 2018

2/01/18

Bonjour Stuart !

Oui tout à fait!

See our article on elision :)
https://progress.lawlessfrench.com/my-languages/french/glossary/85


Bonne journée !

Stephen

Kwiziq community member

4 November 2017

3 replies

Re: "Laura adore ces bonbons. Tu les as goûtés?"

"Respectfully submit that the English translation is wrong here...shouldn't it say "Have you tasted them?" (present perfect)...not "Did you taste them?"?

Chris

Kwiziq community member

4 November 2017

4/11/17

The usage of present perfect and imperfect tenses in English does not parallel their correspondimg use in French. Normally, when relating single occurrences in the past, you use the imperfect in English and the passé composé in French. Hence the apparent discrepancy in the example you cite.

-- Chris (not a native speaker)

Stephen

Kwiziq community member

4 November 2017

4/11/17

Sorry but the above can only be translated in the head of an educated native speaker as "have you tasted them?" Simple past is used in English to describe single events (that have finished) in the past. Present Perfect is NOT used in this way-Present perfect connects the present to the past-that is, the event hasn't finished.-you certainly don't use imperfect in English for single occurrences as you do with passé composé. I am an educated native speaker who has taught ESL for a long, long time.

Jim

Kwiziq community member

7 November 2017

7/11/17

Hi Stephen,
I agree that the strict translation should be "Have you tasted them" but "Did you taste them" is the only correct answer of those offered, as I see it.
I suggest that " Did you____" is equivalent to "Have you____" in this context.
Do you not agree?
Regards,
Alan ( Non-native speaker)

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

18 October 2016

3 replies

Kristin asked: "Je l'ai épousée." Why the "- e" at the end of "épousée" ?"

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

18 October 2016

18/10/16

Bonjour Kristin !

This is due to a more advanced rule of agreement with "avoir" as auxiliary.

Though you've learnt that the past participle never agrees with the subject of the verb with "avoir" as auxiliary, it can agree with the direct object of the verb when this one is placed before "avoir".

This is the case when using direct object pronouns, as they're always placed before the auxiliary in compound tenses.

Here is a link to our related lesson:
https://progress.lawlessfrench.com/my-languages/french/view/429

I hope that's helpful!
À bientôt !

Kathy

Kwiziq community member

16 December 2016

16/12/16

In this case, does "Tu lui as parlé" imply that the object pronoun "lui" is masculine, or does the rule only apply to *direct* object pronouns?

Merci en avance!

Aurélie

Kwiziq language super star

17 March 2017

17/03/17

Bonjour Kathy !

The rule only applies to direct object pronouns, so here it could still be masculine or feminine :)

À bientôt !
Let me take a look at that...